Bakuchiol is a phenolic isoprenoid compound present in Babchi (Psoralea corylifolia Linn.) seeds. We examined the anti-influenza activity of synthetic bakuchiol using Madin-Darby canine kidney cells. We found that the naturally occurring form, (+)-(S)-bakuchiol, and its enantiomer, (-)-(R)-bakuchiol, inhibited influenza A infection and growth, and reduced the expression of viral mRNAs and proteins in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells. However, the molecular mechanism in anti-influenza activity of bakuchiol remains unclear. Thus, to evaluate its molecular mechanism in host cells, we performed the next generation sequencing analysis of the MDCK transcriptome in cells treated with bakuchiol and influenza A/PR/8/34. These results provide keys to elucidate the molecular mechnism of anti-influenza activity of bakuchiol for us, and these data will contribute to the development of novel approaches to anti-influenza treatments.